Feral Hogs are Pests. Feral hogs are not native to the United States. They are an invasive species, a public nuisance and a threat to Arkansas. They compete for food resources, destroy habitat by rooting and wallowing and will eat ground-nesting birds, eggs, fawns and young domestic livestock. They also carry up to 45 bacteria, diseases and parasites, including Trichinellosis, Brucellosis and swine herpes virus. Feral hogs are a growing problem in the state of Arkansas. They have few, if any, natural predators and have reached an estimated population of four to five million across approximately 39 states in the United States. Their damage and control are conservatively estimated to result in agricultural and ecological costs of $1.5 billion annually. These include: Damage to and loss of crops of at least $800 million; injury and transmission of disease to livestock; ecological destruction; property damage; threats to native ground nesting birds and other small wildlife (including endangered species), and contamination of human food and water supplies.
The Feral Hog Eradication Task Force was created by the Arkansas Legislature during the 2017 general session and was directed to create a plan for the eradication of feral hogs in Arkansas.