National Poultry Improvement Plan

The National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) is a cooperative Federal-State-Industry mechanism developed for controlling certain poultry diseases. The Plan consists of a variety of programs intended to prevent and control egg-transmitted, hatchery disseminated poultry diseases. NPIP identifies states, flocks, hatcheries, and dealers that meet certain disease control standards specified in the various programs. As a result, customers can buy poultry that has tested clean of certain diseases or that has been produced under disease-prevention conditions. Being a member of NPIP also allows greater ease in moving hatching eggs/live birds within the state, across state lines, and into other countries. In fact, most countries will not accept hatching eggs/live birds unless they can be shown to be an NPIP participant.

Presently under the National Poultry Improvement Plan, Arkansas is proud to be designated as a "U.S. Pullorum-Typhoid Clean State" in both chickens and turkeys, as well as a "U.S. Mycoplasma gallisepticum Clean State" in turkeys.

NPIP participants are classified under the following categories(subparts):

NPIP Flock/Hatchery Programs Available for the Commercial Sector (Subparts B, C, D):

  • Pullorum-Typhoid Clean
  • Mycoplasma gallisepticum Clean
  • Mycoplasma synoviae Clean
  • Mycoplasma meleagridis Clean
  • Avian Influenza Clean
  • Salmonella enteritidis Clean
  • Mycoplasma gallisepticum Monitored
  • Mycoplasma synoviae Monitored
  • Salmonella Monitored
  • Sanitation Monitored

NPIP Flock/Hatchery Programs available for the waterfowl, exhibition poultry, and game bird flocks (Subpart E):

  • Pullorum-Typhoid Clean
  • Mycoplasma gallisepticum Clean
  • Mycoplasma synoviae Clean

Blood Testing School Information:

The NPIP Division licenses individuals to blood test birds for Salmonella pullorum, which also allows them to fill out 90 Day certificates for tested birds. This licensing enables persons to blood test their own birds, as well as other individuals' birds. Private individuals wanting to do this testing for county fairs, shows, flea markets, sales, etc. can attend one of our three blood testing schools in Fayetteville, Batesville, and Little Rock.

Commercial Blood Testing Schools are held for employees of poultry companies to enable them to blood test the commercial flocks for NPIP programs.  

Testing Schools are normally in April or May and will be completed by June. We currently do not offer any testing outside of this window.  Once the schedule has been finalized it will be posted on the AAD Calendar of Events.

Flock Certification Program (Subpart E):

Flock Certification is available for waterfowl, exhibition poultry, and game bird flocks. This involves an annual inspection by a Livestock & Poultry official and farm testing of eligible poultry. If the farm is approved by NPIP, a certification is granted. The Flock Certificate is valid for one year and enables free movement regarding Salmonella pullorum requirements within the United States, as well as other countries.