EAB is an exotic Asian beetle, first discovered in the United States in 2002, in Michigan. The adult beetles are emerald green (pictured at right), while larvae are white-to-cream colored. These beetles feed on and destroy ash trees. Evidence of EAB damage has been discovered in Arkansas, as of early summer of 2014. Officials suspect the EAB has a one-year life cycle in the Arkansas climate. It is suspected that human transportation of the beetle (through movement of firewood and/or ash items through industry-related transport) is quickest way for it to travel, state-to-state.
Due to the expanded range of Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) infestation sites within Arkansas, the Arkansas Agriculture Department’s State Plant Board (ASPB) has approved a statewide quarantine for ash items as of March 27, 2018. Regulated articles can be moved within the state, but cannot move outside of the state without complying with the federal EAB regulations.
Quarantined items continue to include firewood of all hardwood species, and the following ash items: nursery stock; green lumber with bark attached; other material living, dead, cut or fallen including logs, pulpwood, stumps, roots, branches, mulch and composted/un-composted chips (1 inch or greater). Firewood is the only quarantined item that relates to all hardwood; all other quarantined items are relative to ash, only. Quarantined items can move freely within the quarantined area. The restrictions only apply to the movement of items listed within the quarantined counties to areas outside of them.
Trapping for EAB in Arkansas was first initiated in 2010 by the ASPB, the Arkansas Agriculture Department’s Forestry Commission, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ), and University of Arkansas at Monticello. EAB was first detected in six counties (Hot Spring, Clark, Dallas, Nevada, Ouachita, and Columbia) in 2014. A quarantine was then enacted for those counties and a buffer zone in the surrounding counties.
Since then, EAB was detected in 18 counties, including: Bradley, Calhoun, Clark, Columbia, Drew, Dallas, Garland, Hempstead, Hot Spring, Lafayette, Montgomery, Nevada, Ouachita, Pike, Randolph, Union, Cleveland, and Saline.
To help battle the infestation of EAB, many state departments of agriculture including Arkansas are releasing biological control agents/ parasitoids. The parasitoids were produced and supplied from the USDA APHIS PPQ EAB Parasitoids Rearing Facility in Brighton, MI. For parasitoid information please call 866-322-4512.
Contact the Arkansas State Plant Board for full quarantine details at: 501-225-1598 or firstname.lastname@example.org.